The definition of the cross culture means that the term usually applies when something is the product of two or more beliefs, ideas and practices from different cultures. all these element from different culture are assimilated and combined to something new that incorporates element of both culture.
The Tern Datuk Gong
Even the term itself suggests that it a cross-culture concept as it a combination of both Chinese and Malay words. first word of “DA-TUK” comes from the Malay word datuk,which means ‘grandfather’.Aditionally,it also used by Malay to address the chief or lord of the Malay society. The word “GONG” in Chinese also mean “grandfather” besides being honorific for deities. Moreover in china traditional leader we also call him as a GONG, for example is “Qixian gong” Thus, we can see that Datuk Gong is a combination of both Malay and Chinese words with a similar meaning and this reflects the twin identities of deity.
The origins of Datuk Gong
When the Chinese immigrated to south-east Asia, they began worshipping local gods along side their own in order to protect or ensure wealth to live more better.
The worship of Datuk Gong also incorporated elements of the Chinese concept of earth deities and Malay karamat beliefs.As example of this concept of earth deities the Datuk Gong is similarities with the Tu Di Gong of the Chinese Taoism deities.
The worship for Datuk Gong
As for the influence of Malay keramat beliefs, it is demonstrated in the fact that no pork, beer wine and alcoholic product should be offered, this Is because of majority think that the Datuk Gong is Islamic thus should not be offended by offering items that are not halal or that go against Islamic practices. Besides that the Chinese Taoism believer will using candles, joss sticks and fruits, particularly bananas and pineapple.
The outward appearance of Datuk Gong
The outward appearance of Datuk Gong itself reveals its Malay influences. In pictures and some statues, Datuk Gong is depicts as a Malay man dress in traditional silk shirt and sarong, wearing a formal songkok(Hat).besides that, the Kris(Malay sword)and other traditional Malay court regalia and ceremonial objects would also be placed on the altar, sometimes accompanied by images of Islam holy sites such as the kabaa of mecca . In addition, the fact the Chinese believe animal born with abnormalities or strange features are considered the image of the Datuk Gong,whose spirit is within them is also based on the Malay keramat belief.
The practices and rituals of worship